Twin hero gods of Mayan mythology, Hunahpu and Xbalanque played a memorable baseball game in Hell. Hunahpu and Xbalanque are the second generation of twins in the Mayan mythology. Their father and uncle, the previous generation of twins, also went down to the underworld to play ball and were roundly defeated, outfoxed, and then slain by the death gods. Here's the story of how the young twins avenge their ancestors' defeat, according to "Aztec and Maya Myths" by Karl Taube. (I paraphrase in places.) The original story is from the Popol Vuh:
. . .the hero twins learn to play ball at the ballcourt. The lords of Xibalba (Hell) are infuriated by the incessant pounding above their heads and send their owls to summon the twins to the underworld. In their descent to Xibalba, Hunahpu and Xbalanque successfully pass rivers of pus and blood and other deadly obstacles until they come to the crossroads. Here Hunahpu plucks out a hair from his shin and creates a mosquito to spy on the lords of Hell. The insect flies ahead and bites the lords, and as they are bitten they call out each other's names. In this way, the twins learn the true names of all the underworld lords.
When the twins arrive, they successfully greet all the lords by name, and they refuse to sit upon the burning hot bench which had previously trapped their uncle and father. The astonished lords of Hell then send the boys with cigars and torches to the House of Gloom, telling them they must keep the cigars and torches burning all night, yet they must be intact at the end of the night. The twins cleverly place red macaw feathers
on the torches and fireflies on the cigars to make them seem as if they are burning. At dawn the unburned fire brands and cigars are as new.
The twins then play ball with the death gods, eventually allowing themselves to be beaten. That night they face another series of tests, but by their cunning they pass safely through the House of Knives, the House of Cold, the House of Jaguars, and the House of Fire. Finally they are sent to the House of Bats, a room filled with fierce, knife-nosed bats. The twins hide inside their hollow blow-guns, but Hunahpu peeks out to see if dawn is approaching, and at that moment the killer bat Camazotz
snatches off his head. The head of Hunahpu is taken to the ballcourt, and all of the death gods and demons rejoice, because their victory over the twins now seems certain.
However, in the late, pre-dawn hours, Xbalanque calls on all the animals to bring their various foods to help. Some creatures present rotten things, others offer leaves and grass. Finally, the coati
arrives with a large squash, and Xbalanque places it against the severed neck of Hunahpu like a new head. Magically, the squash takes the form of Hunahpu's features, and he can hear and speak. The twins appear at the ballcourt at dawn as if nothing had happened. But they tell their friend rabbit to wait in the trees outside the ballcourt.
The death gods begin the game by throwing out the real head of Hunahpu to serve as the new ball. Xbalanque strikes the head so hard that it bounces out of the court and into the woods. At that same time, the rabbit bounds away, shaking the branches and confusing the death gods, who mistake the rabbit for the ball and follow it. The twins take advantage of this diversion to retrieve the head and swap it for the squash. When the death gods return, the twins throw the squash into the court. According to the Popol Vuh:
"The squash was punted by Xbalanque, the squash was wearing out; it fell on the court, bringing to light its light-colored seeds, as plain as day right in front of them."
Thus the confused and astonished death gods are truly defeated in their underworld court of sacrifice.